Modern Bydgoszcz is not only one of Poland’s most dynamic, business-oriented cities with its large inland port, but also has a long history dating back to the Middle Ages. Among the most impressive traces of its past, there is "Bydgoszcz Venice", a picturesque neighbourhood resembling Italy, enthusiastically visited by tourists. There are also some attractive sites in the neighbourhood, including Torun, Biskupin and Bory Tucholskie National Park, to name just a few. Yet most of the city’s guests arrive in Bygdoszcz on business, especially during trade fairs.
Bydgoszcz's past and present has been influenced by its particularly favourable location, within close proximity to several rivers and the construction of Bydgoski Canal, thanks to which the city became one of the country's major inland ports. From the 19th century on, it has also played a role as an important railway junction.
The most characteristic feature of Bydgoszcz’s landscape is several rivers which cross or border the city. To be precise, it is situated on the Brda river, close to its confluence with the Vistula, and on the Bydgoszcz Canal, which links the Brda and nearby Notec. This system of rivers is part of the Vistula-Odra waterway.
According to legend, the city was founded by two brothers, Byd and Gost, who wandered from southern Poland towards the north looking for the best possible location for their town. Eventually, they found an ideal place, with a river, a ford, some hills nearby and roads running to all four sides of the world.