A city in northern Poland, Frombork is often associated with Nicolaus Copernicus. He spent most of his life there, and the Cathedral Hill where he used to work is now the major tourist attraction of Frombork. Not only him, but also the whole history of the Warmian bishops and the imposing architecture of the cathedral complex itself draws visitors every year.
Nicolaus Copernicus, one of the world’s most famous astronomers whose books brought about a revolution in Renaissance science, was born in Torun but carried out the majority of his research in Frombork. From 1513 he was a canon of the Warmian Bishopric and used one of the towers in Frombork as an observatory, and it was there that he worked on his notorious De revolutionibus orbium coelestium. Nowadays visitors to Frombork can head to the museum in the Old Bishops’ Palace, which houses many exhibits connected with the life and work of this scholar, including manuscripts and early editions of his books. There is also a copy of Jan Matejko’s painting Astronomer Copernicus. Dialogue with God.
Frombork, one of the most interesting towns of Warmia, belongs to the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship. The town lies on the shore of the Vistula Lagoon and plays the role of a fishing port and yacht marina. Frombork is also situated on the canal linking the Bauda River with the Vistula Lagoon.
The name of Frombork (Frauenburg) has, similarly to Malbork (Marienburg), the “bork” element, which derives from the German word “burg” (fortress). Consequently, Frombork can be translated as “Fortress of the Lady”.