Chorzow is the capital of the county in the Silesian Voivodeship, often called the Holy Sepulchres’ village, from the name of the Order of Holy Sepulchre, who used to rule the settlement. The history of Chorzow is connected with the development of mining, steel and chemical industries. Today the city remains an important economic centre of the Upper Silesia, although almost solely small and medium commercial enterprises operate here. The city is also famous for holding numerous cultural and sport events.
Chorzow is populated by approximately 117 thousand people. Like in Bytom and Sosnowiec, in Chorzow the leading industries were mining and steel. Nowadays, these sectors are not the main branches of industry but are still of interest to tourists. The relics of the industrial landscape are the President mine shaft tower and the Elzbieta mine shaft, which looks like a castle.
Chorzow is located by the Rawa river, in the centre of the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union, in the Silesian Highlands. The city lies close to such industrial centres as: Bytom, Ruda Slaska, Katowice and Sosnowiec. Chorzow is situated at the crossroads of significant transport and trade trails: Krakow-Wroclaw and Katowice-Poznan. The city has four main districts: Centre, Chorzow II, Old Chorzow and Chorzow Batory. To commemorate the history of Chorzow, the city’s authorities decided to keep the old names of other districts, e.g. Klimzowiec, Nowe Hajduki and Pnioki. Many of them still have their specific, village-like character.
The history of Chorzow dates back to the Middle Ages are is strictly connected with the Order of the Holy Sepulchre, who ruled the settlement from the half of the 13th century. Thanks to the Order, the church and the hospital were built in Chorzow. The place was granted German town rights and from then on it is called the Holy Sepulchres’ village.