An attribute that distinguishes Lomza from other cities is its excellent location in the Polish “Green Lungs” area – one of the last wild territories in Europe. Perhaps not quite related to this is the fact that Lomza is also known as a beer-producing centre. There are some interesting historic buildings; however, the city serves mainly as a base for venturing out into the two national parks that surround the town, the Biebrza National Park (Biebrzanski Park Narodowy) and Narew National Park (Narwianski Park Narodowy), both full of extraordinary natural wonders.
A good place to start a tour of Lomza is the Rynek – the Old Market Square, where a classicist town hall with a clock tower has survived the turmoils of history. South of the Rynek one can marvel at the 500 year old St. Michaels and St. John the Baptist Cathedral with its predominantly Baroque interior. The most precious treasure in this cathedral is a painting of the Virgin Mary dating from the 16th century and crowned by Pope John Paul II in 1991.
Lomza is located in the Podlasie Voivodship, 75 km from Bialystok and 150 km from Warsaw. Standing on the bank of the river Narew, it has a population of over 63,000 people and a total area of 32.72 km2. The city has a moderately warm climate with an average annual temperature of 7.1 degrees C.
Lomza emerged in the 10th century, some 5 km away from its current centre. It received a municipal charter from the Mazovian Prince, Janusz I, in 1428 and then it was incorporated as a royal city into the Polish Kingdom in 1526, along with the whole of Mazovia following the death of the last Mazovian Prince.