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Bialowieza

Since the village of Bialowieza is only a kilometre from the heart of the Bialowieza National Park, itself a protected site on the Unesco World Heritage List, it is often used as a starting point for excursions into this magnificent woodland. Some of the interesting things to see in the little village include the Palace Park, the Russian Orthodox Church and the Natural History Museum. Bialowieza has many places that offer food and accommodation at very reasonable prices.

Bialowieza TOURISM

Lying in the direct vicinity of Bialowieza, the Bialowieza National Park preserves the largest remaining area of original lowland forest in Europe. The primeval forest covers a total of approximately 105 sq km, of which 4 km is under strict protection. Wolves, wild boar, elks, stags and lynx can be seen as well as huge, five-hundred-year-old oak trees.

The village is more than a gateway into the Bialowieza National Park, there is a 19th century rectangular Palace Park featuring some 90 species of trees and bushes, and housing the Natural History Museum. If you have some time to spend in Bialowieza before your tour into the national park, this museum is a great way to learn about the local habitat and the animals living in it. On display are hunting trophies as well as geological, ethnographic and geographical artefacts. You can also climb a viewing tower, which offers a beautiful prospect of the village, dominated as it is by well-preserved wooden buildings.

Worthy of a visit are the two churches of Bialowieza – the 19th century Russian Orthodox Church and the neo-Gothic sanctuary built in the 1930s.

GEOGRAPHY

Bialowieza is situated almost on the border with Belarus, 85 km southeast of Bialystok, in the eastern part of the central Vistula River valley. Spreading along some 3 km of the southern boundary of the Bialowieza National Park, the village has a population of less than 2,000 inhabitants.

The local climate, as in the whole of Podlasie Voivodship, is harsher than in other parts of Poland, strongly influenced as it is by continental air masses. Bialowieza lies in one of the cooler regions of the country, with an average annual air temperature of 7° Centigrade. Due to these climatic conditions, the snow cover can remain for over three months.

HISTORY
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The genesis of the name ‘Bialowieza’ is a matter of some debate, although the supposition is that a white tower once stood somewhere in the village, and hence the name (‘biala wieza’ means ‘white tower’ in Polish). It is commonly believed that the name was first mentioned by that great Polish historian and chronicle writer, Jan Dlugosz, in his chronicle from the second half of the 15th century. He relates that in the winter of 1409, King Wladyslaw Jagiello went to Bialowieza and hunted there for... ( more >>)

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GENERAL INFORMATION
coat of arms
Population: 2280 #239
Province: Podlasie
Telephone: +48 85
Museums: 1
Districts: 3
Theatres: 0
Mayor: Albert Litwinowicz
Higher Education: 0