For centuries an important commercial centre, Poznan became known for the trade fairs that have taken place here since 1921. Now most people come to Poznan on business, but the history and architecture of the city are also good reasons to visit. Poznan is a cradle of the Polish nation and the second main centre of the first Polish state that emerged here in the Middle Ages. Now it captivates many people with its splendid Old Town.
Poznan, with its 554,000 inhabitants, is one of the major cities of Poland and the capital of Wielkopolska Voivodship (Greater Poland). It has always been an important trade centre (rated second after Warsaw) and still maintains a thriving mercantile tradition. The most notable events of the Poznan year are the International Trade Fairs, held since 1925 and comprising over 40 specialised exhibitions. Poznan is not only a business and industrial centre; it has a significant historical importance. Worth visiting are the Renaissance Town Hall, the Cathedral Island and the stern Prussian castle. Although the city was largely destroyed during World War II, it has been restored thoroughly and now you may fully enjoy its charming Old Town and some of its fine museums and restaurants.
The undulating surroundings of Poznan were formed by glaciation. The highest point within the city area is Moraska Hill (154 m above sea level). The nearby area, known as the Morasko Meteor Reserve, is famous for the seven craters formed by a meteor that fell there some 5,000 years ago.
The founding of Poznan is closely connected with the beginnings of the Polish state and nation. The first Slavonic settlements in this area date back to the 9th century, when the castle was built on the Ostrow Tumski Island on the Warta River. Development of the town took place under Prince Mieszko and King Boleslaw the Brave, the first Polish rulers, and 968 saw a bishopric being established there. In those times Poznan was one of the two crucial centres of the Polish state (the other one was P... ( more >>)