Dabrowa Gornicza is a city in the southern Poland, in the Silesian Voivodeship. It is one of the largest industrial centres in Silesia with the biggest Polish steel mill, ArcelorMittal. Dabrowa Gornicza is, however, not only a typical, full-of-factories Silesian city. It may boast of many interesting monuments and therefore it is an unquestionable attraction for history lovers.
Dabrowa Gornicza may boast of many monuments. While in here you ought to visit especially: Basilica of St. Mary of the Angels from the 1870s, Dabrowa Basin Palace of Culture, the church of St. Barbara, Dezon’s Palace as well as the Basilica of the Sacred Heart.
Dabrowa Gornicza also constitutes a great starting point to other interesting and full-of-attractions Silesian cities, like Katowice, Sosnowiec, Myslowice and Chorzow.
There is the biggest Polish steel mill, ArcelorMittal Poland, i.e. the former Katowice Steel Mill in Dabrowa Gornicza.
Dabrowa Gornicza is a city in the Silesian Voivodeship, located on the Silesian Highlands, by the Czarna Przemsza and Biala Przemsza. It is the largest city in the Silesian Voivodeship and the biggest industrial centre of Dabrowa Basin. Dabrowa Gornicza is populated by approximately 125 thousand people.
The city is an important transport junction. There are as many as three country roads (S1, no. 86 and 94) and voivodeship roads (790, 796 and 910) running through Dabrowa. The railway network is also well-developed. There are as many as nine railway stations in the city. The trains go on the following lines: Warsaw – Czestochowa – Katowice, Katowice – Kielce and Dabrowa Gornicza Zabkowice – Krakow.
It is also easy to get to Dabrowa Gornicza by plane. Katowice International Airport is located 11 km from the city and is easily accessed by the S1 expressway.
In 1799 the first detailed map of this area was created, on which a settlement called Stara Dabrowa was presented. The village had a tavern, well and a shrine. In the terrains of Dabrowa rich deposits of coal were discovered in the end of the 18th century. They were called “Reden” (after Friedrich Reden, German pioneer in mining).
In 1815 Dąbrowa was annexed to Russian-controlled Congress Poland. Five years later the first Dabrowa’s primary school was opened and soon after that a lazaretto. Also in this period a lot of new deposits of coal were found by Jozef Cieszkowski and in 1846, the Cieszkowski Coal Mine was opened.
Even though its population reached 30,000, Tsarist authorities were reluctant to grant Dabrowa town charter, so it remained a village until August 18, 1916, when Austrian authorities, which during World War I occupied southern part of Congress Poland, agreed to establish the town. Three years later the Town Council changed the town’s name into Dabrowa Gornicza. During the Second World War the town had the German name, Redenberg.
The 1970s saw the construction of the Katowice Steelworks, which is nowadays the biggest steel producing plant in Poland.